Throughout history, women have been met with the word "no" time after time—it doesn't matter if they were flying a plane, traveling alone, or sailing around the world. In the face of such adversity, that only makes these seven women and their feats that much more remarkable. Desires to explore new lands, reach new heights, and find the undiscovered, all drove these women forward, in some cases quite literally.
In celebration of International Women's Day, we're highlighting these seven adventurous women who paved the way for generations to come.
Photo Sourced from JWA
Annie Cohen Kopchovsky, also known as Annie Londonderry, was a Latvian immigrant who arrived to the U.S. in 1894 or 1895 and became the first woman to cycle around the world. It started as a bet; Annie was challenged not only to circle the earth on a 42-pound Columbia bicycle, but to also earn $5,000 en route. Not only a test of physical fortitude and endurance, this was a test of a woman's ability to fend for herself in the world.
A true trailblazer, Annie flipped every Victorian notion of female propriety on its head. She left her husband and children, she rode in a man's riding suite on a man's bicycle for most of the journey, and earned her way selling photos and advertising on her bike.
Photo Sourced from The Guardian
Junko Tabei reached new heights for all women—literally. No mountain was too much for the five-foot tall Japanese mountaineer. Weighing in at 92 pounds, Tabei became the first woman to scale Mount Everest in 1975, and later on, to climb the Seven Summits (the highest peaks on every continent). And she didn't stop there—Tabei was also the first woman to reach the highest peaks in more than 70 countries, like Aconcagua in Argentina and Vinson Massif in Antarctica.
Back in the 1970s in Japan, men were the ones to work outside, and the woman's role was in the home. In the face of this adversity, Tabei was able to finance three years of training, the climb, and plan an expedition of all women (plus six female sherpas). Pretty darn impressive, if you ask us!
Photo Sourced from the New York Times
Freya Stark, one of the first female explorers, led an extraordinary life. Born in Paris in 1893, she moved around many times with her parents, never receiving a formal education; however, by the time she entered college, Stark was already fluent in French, German, and Italian.
After her time as a nurse in World War I and her studies in London at the School of Oriental Studies, she headed to Lebanon in 1927, kicking off a life-long affair with the mysterious Middle East. Her travels brought her to Persia (modern-day Iran), by that point she was fluent in Farsi, where she became the first Westerner to identify the Valley of the Assassins on a map.
Moreover, Stark was an immensely-significant figure, not only because she was one of the few women explorers of the time, but also due to her language abilities, which gave her a certain advantage of her male colleagues. Stark was able to get very close with the women of the Muslim societies she visited, granting her a much more intimate understanding of the woman's role in the Middle East.
Photo Sourced from Australian Sailing Hall of Fame
Kay Cottee is an Australian sailor, who was the first woman to sail around the world. In fact, she circumnavigated the globe and did so alone, without stopping. She completed this amazing journey in 1988 on her 37-foot yacht, Blackmores First Lady, in 189 days. Cottee and her sponsor, Blackmores, raised more than $1 million on the voyage for education programs. She also completed an 18-month national school tour, inspiring high school students to follow their dreams.
Photo Sourced from Time Magazine
From a young age, Valentina Tereshkova was destined for great heights. Born in 1937 in a small Russian village, Tereshkova made her first parachute jump when she was just 22. When she wasn't working, she also enjoyed skydiving, and it didn't take long for her to become a pro. In 1962, she was selected for the Soviet space program, a time when the Soviets were in a fierce space race with the U.S.
While she was selected with two other women at the time, Tereshkova was the only woman aboard Vostok 6 when it headed for space in June 1963. She reentered the atmosphere a little less than three days after her departure—and entered history as the first woman in space.
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Asnath Mahapa was always fascinated by planes, but growing up in post-apartheid South Africa, it often seemed impossible. Though her family strongly disapproved, Mahapa went on to break boundaries by becoming South Africa's first black female pilot. She first enrolled in a course in electrical engineering, only to later start at flight school. She was the only woman in her class; however, her hard work paid off, and in 1988, she took to the skies.
Mahapa didn't stop there. In 2012, she opened the African College of Aviation to help and inspire further generations of female pilots. She has no regrets, despite all the challenges, and said "Ask any pilot, they'll tell you, our view from our office is the best in the world, so why would you get bored doing a job like that?"
Photo Sourced from NPR
Born in France in 1740, Jeanne Baret was the first woman to sail all around the world. Jeanne's interest in botany, in addition to some schooling in the subject, led her abroad. When the French government announced they were sending two ships around the world to discover new territories for the glory of France, they needed a plant hunter-botanist on board, and Jeanne and her partner, Philibert de Commerson, leaped at the opportunity.
While women were expressly prohibited aboard a ship, that didn't stop Jeanne. Jeanne, or Jean as "he" was known aboard, was eventually found out and forced to abandon the crew. Her bravery and tenacity, however, paved the way for women to come.